The characteristics of each type of diabetes

In the previous post, I explained what diabetes is, what are the symptoms, and the health problems that diabetes can cause. In this post, I will explain the characteristics of each type of diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes (Insulin dependent)

Type of diabetes: Type 1

Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease where the body’s immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. The pancreas does not produce insulin. Therefore, this condition requires lifelong insulin treatment with insulin pens or insulin pumps.

The disease can occur at any age, although it mostly occurs in children and young adults. It is sometimes referred to as ‘juvenile-onset’ or ‘insulin-dependent diabetes’.

Type 2 Diabetes (insulin-independent)

Type of diabetes: Type 2

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that results in hyperglycemia (high blood glucose levels). The body isn’t effective at using the insulin it has produced. In some cases, is not able to produce enough insulin. 

The body is unable to metabolize glucose. As a result, the blood sugar level increases which over time may damage the organs of the body.

It was formerly known as non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes. People over 40 usually have it. However, this type is now becoming more common in young adults, teens, and children and accounts for roughly 90% of all diabetes cases worldwide.

It was formerly known as non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes. People over 40 usually have it. However, this type is now becoming more common in young adults, teens, and children and accounts for roughly 90% of all cases worldwide.

Gestational diabetes

Type of diabetes: gestational

Gestational diabetes occurs when you have hyperglycemia (high blood glucose levels) during pregnancy. It usually develops in the third trimester (between 24 and 28 weeks). Typically it disappears after the baby is born. We must control it. As a result, it may affect the normal growth and development of the baby.  Women who develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later on in life.

Fortunately, there are many well-informed health professionals that can guide you through this very important time in your life.

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