Facts about diabetic prevention: Diabetic retinopathy can not always be prevented. But, we can reduce the risk of developing it or stop it getting worse. We can do that by keeping our blood sugar levels, blood pressure and cholesterol levels under control.
Vision loss to diabetic retinopathy is sometimes irreversible. However, early detection and treatment can reduce the risk of blindness by 95 percent. Because diabetic retinopathy often lacks early symptoms, people with diabetes should get a comprehensive dilated eye exam at least once a year. People with diabetic retinopathy may need eye exams more frequently. Women with diabetes who become pregnant should have a comprehensive dilated eye exam as soon as possible.
If you have diabetes, reduce your risk of getting diabetic retinopathy by doing the following:
Manage your diabetes
Make healthy eating and physical activity part of your daily routine. Eat a healthy, balanced diet and try to cut down on salt, fat and sugar. Also, exercise regularly – aim to do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity.
Monitor your blood sugar level regularly
Check and record your blood sugar level several times a day. If you are ill or under stress, you have to check your blood sugar level more frequently during the day.
Take a glycosylated hemoglobin test every 3 or 4 months
The glycosylated hemoglobin test, or hemoglobin A1C test, reflects your average blood sugar level for the three- to four-month period before the test. For most people, the A1C goal is to be under 7 percent.
Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol under control
Eat healthy foods, exercise regularly and loss excess weight. All this things can help you keep your blood pressure and cholesterol under control.
If you smoke or use other types of tobacco, ask your doctor to help you quit
Smoking increases your risk of various diabetes complications, including diabetic retinopathy. So, it’s preferable to stop smoking.
Pay attention to vision changes
Anytime you experience a sudden vision changes (blurry, hazy), contact your eye doctor.
Last, but not least, remember, diabetes doesn’t always lead to vision loss. If you take an active role in diabetes management, it can go a long way toward preventing complications.